What are the classification and application of home lighting lamps?
09.14.2021 | James | Smart Bulb, news

Whether it is a home environment or a public place, lamps and lanterns are indispensable items, and lamps and lanterns bring great convenience to our lives. There are many types of lamps. Different materials, styles, applications, etc. can be subdivided into various lamps. Various types of lamps also have different characteristics. Due to the difference in shape and performance, they have their own places in a warm home. What are the specific types of lamps? What are the advantages and disadvantages of these common chandeliers, wall lamps, ceiling lamps, floor lamps, LED desk lamps, and ceiling fan lamps? Let's take a look at the classification of home lighting fixtures.

Types of lamps and lanterns

 

Chandelier:


   Advantages: luxurious atmosphere/modern minimalist style can be controlled

   Disadvantages: the light is more dazzling, the layer height requirements are higher, the price is more expensive, and the cleaning is troublesome

  Application places: living room, dining room, lobby, etc., generally used for large-sized luxury houses, shopping malls, hotels, etc.

   style: crystal chandeliers, European style candlestick chandeliers, Chinese chandeliers, modern fashion chandeliers

  Material: glass, marble, metal, wood art, iron art, resin, copper lamp, etc.

   purchase: look at the shape, material, style, number of lamp holders, quality, brand, after-sales, etc.

   Installation requirements: the installation height of the chandelier, the lowest point should be no less than 2.2 meters from the ground

   Cleaning and maintenance: Wipe clean with a dry cloth, replace the aging lamp, and switch the lamps infrequently


Ceiling light

   Advantages: simple installation and cleaning, generous style, soft and even light

   Disadvantages: relatively monotonous, not suitable for installation on ceilings made of flammable materials

   Application places: living room, bedroom, kitchen, bathroom, etc.

   styles: full-slab tiled type, side light emitting type, circular tube tiled type, circular tube angled type

  Material: The lampshade is plastic, plexiglass

  Purchase: look at the light source, distinguish the color temperature; look at the area, choose the power; look at the style, choose the style; look at the details, choose the quality; look at the logo, choose the brand

  Installation requirements: Pre-embedded bolts should be used, or fixed with shrink bolts, nylon plugs or plastic plugs

   Cleaning and maintenance: The shell can be removed and washed, which is convenient and simple


Downlight

   Advantages: invisible, does not occupy space, and the light is relatively uniform

   Disadvantages: Need to open holes, troublesome replacement

  Application places: on the ceiling around the main lamp, ceiling in the living room, ceiling in the aisle

   Style: large (5 inches), medium (4 inches), small (2.5 inches), general household downlights no more than 2.5 inches

  Material: Panel materials include iron sheet, die-cast aluminum, aluminum, and stainless steel; the main material of the lamp holder is ceramic; two types of reflectors are mirror and frosted

   purchase: panel material, lamp holder safety, reflectivity

   Installation requirements: The ceiling depth is generally more than 13 cm. The installation distance of downlights is generally 1-2 meters.

   Cleaning and maintenance: soak the cloth in water, wring it out, and then wipe the bulb


Spotlight

   Advantages: local lighting, free to change the angle, enhance the atmosphere, rich colors

   Disadvantages: large area use, easy to cause light pollution

   Application places: around the home ceiling, background wall, wine cabinet, cabinet or skirting

   Style: Quartz spotlight, grille spotlight, seat spotlight

  Material: metal spraying, ceramic material

   purchase: choose low-voltage spotlights, because they have a longer service life and higher luminous efficiency; high-quality lamp cups use a vertical structure, and ordinary lamp cups use a horizontal structure

   Installation requirements: the track light is generally 30 cm away from the wall, and the ceiling installation requires only 6 to 8 cm

  Cleaning method: wipe with a dry cloth, and pay attention to prevent moisture intrusion


Light strip:

   Advantages: decorative, soft light, layered and transparent

   Disadvantages: easy to accumulate dust, are all meters, cannot be disconnected

  Application places: under the cabinet partition, above the background wall, skirting position, under the stairs

   Style: round tube, flat tube, easy to make arc, round, etc.

   shapes, texts, etc.

  Material: LED light, FPC (flexible circuit board) or PCB hard board

   purchase: look at the solder joints, look at the cleanliness of the surface of the LED strip, look at the accessories, warm white is recommended for general home decoration

  Installation requirements: The installation height is about 1/3 of the height of the entire ceiling. If you want to hide the light belt on the gypsum board first-level ceiling, you must ensure that there is a minimum of 8CM.

  Cleaning and maintenance: The first choice is to clean the dust with a vacuum cleaner, or wipe with a wrung out damp cloth


floor lamp

  Advantages: concise and generous, strong decoration, often used as local lighting, convenient to move

   Disadvantages: the price is high, occupying a certain amount of space on the ground

   Application places: sofas, corners of coffee tables, corners of bedrooms

   Style: Tube-shaped cover is more popular, and lantern-shaped and lantern-shaped are also more used; direct-illuminated floor lamp, top-illuminated floor lamp

  Material: The stand of the floor lamp is mostly made of metal and wood

  Purchase: Choose the style, such as modern and simple, industrial style, retro, etc. Choose dimmable

   Installation requirements: The bottom of the lampshade of the floor lamp should be at least 1.8 meters above the ground

  Clean and maintain moisture-proof, dust-removal, do not switch frequently


Ceiling fan lights

  Advantages: decorative, combined with fan lighting, kill two birds with one stone

   Disadvantages: the floor height is not enough, it is depressing, easy to dazzle, there are safety hazards, easy to break, and the style is not good to match

  Application places: living room, bedroom, dining room, study, etc.

   Style: conventional fan-blade ceiling fan light; invisible fan-blade ceiling fan light, closed to fold the fan blades; no leaf ceiling fan light

  Material: iron, wood

  Purchase: Choose a capacitive motor, speed control gear, check the quality, and adjust to the maximum gear to see if there is obvious noise, jitter, heat, etc.

   Installation requirements: The net height of the floor should not be less than 2.9 meters

   Cleaning and maintenance: clean with a wrung out damp cloth, pay attention to moisture and rust

 

wall lamp

   Advantages: strong decoration, long life

   Disadvantages: uneven brightness, high price, high heat generation

  Application places: aisle, balcony, bedroom bedside, bathroom mirror lamp

   Style: Chinese wall lamp, European style wall lamp, creative wall lamp, simple wall lamp, crystal wall lamp

  Material: crystal wall lamp, parchment wall lamp, ceramic wall lamp, glass wall lamp, acrylic wall lamp, metal wall lamp

  Purchase: The wall lamp color is coordinated with the wall color, the quality of the lampshade, the brightness of the light is soft, and the metal bracket is anti-corrosion

   Installation requirements: The wall lamp in the living room is generally installed at a height of about 1.8 meters, and the height of the bedroom wall lamp is about 1.5 meters from the ground. The distance between the aisle wall lamp and the ground should not be less than 2.2 meters

  Cleaning and maintenance: just wipe off the dust with a damp cloth, do not switch frequently


desk lamp

   Advantages: local lighting on demand, eye protection desk lamp environmental protection and energy saving

   Disadvantages: the price is more expensive, the quality is poor, and it is easy to flicker and hurt the eyes

  Application places: decorative desk lamps for general living rooms, bedrooms, etc., energy-saving eye-protection desk lamps for workbenches and study desks

   style: eye protection table lamp, European-style table lamp, creative table lamp

  Material: The lampshade of the table lamp is made of acrylic, fabric, glass, resin, plastic, etc.

   purchase: choose a non-glaring light source, warm white, adjustable light source, incandescent lamp = halogen lamp> energy saving lamp> LED lamp

  Installation requirements: the height of the lamp is 40-50 cm away from the written text.

   Cleaning and maintenance: Wipe with a wrung soft cloth

 

Emergency light

   Advantages: power failure for emergency lighting

   Disadvantages: many counterfeit products, not effective in critical emergency

  Application places: homes, stairwells, elevators, audience halls, business halls, evacuation walkways, etc.

   Style: Fire emergency lighting, fire emergency indicator

  Material: generally made of iron

  Purchase: Whether the function switch is normal, whether the accessories are firm, and do not try to buy low-quality products at low prices

  Installation requirements: generally installed at a height of 2.2 meters or more, mostly hanging or wall-mounted at the safety exit

   Cleaning and maintenance: wipe with a damp cloth or dust with a feather duster


Smart lighting

  Advantages: intelligent induction, high efficiency and convenience, free adjustment, energy saving and power saving, diverse modes, self-defining

   Disadvantages: the price is more expensive, the operation is difficult, not suitable for the elderly and small space houses

   Application places: high-end fashion villas, commercial, public places

   Style: network control type, point (light) control type, area control type

  Purchase: Intelligent lighting system is more complicated, try to choose those big brand whole house intelligent lighting manufacturers

  Installation requirements: The system realizes multi-point control, the system control loop and the power loop are strictly separated, and the installation must be firm, stable, neat and beautiful

   Cleaning and maintenance: regular maintenance of the control system.